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History of Friction Welding

The history of friction welding is the history of Izumi.

Izumi started consignment manufacturing (development, design, production) in 1973 using the technology developed by Toyoda Automatic Loom Works, Ltd, who was the first in Japan to actually use brake-type friction welding in mass production in 1962. In 1997, Izumi received full-scale approval to use the technology from both companies and started marketing it. Ever since that time, Izumi has helped customers improve quality, performance and productivity, which helped to form strong customer relationships. Izumi continues to provide technical solutions that meet needs in each and every industrial field, earning it a world-wide reputation for excellence.

The history of friction welding is the history of the involvement of Toyoda Automatic Loom Works, Ltd. (now Toyota Industries Corporation) in friction welding; it is also the history of Izumi.

1954
A. I. Chudikov of U.S.S.R. succeeded in the experiment of friction welding, using a modified lathe and round metal bars. VNIIESO (U.S.S.R. Electric Welding Machine Research Institute) took up the idea and started the research and development from around 1956.
1957
The Institute developed and made public the friction welding machine MST-1. After this announcement, many countries started research and development of the technology for practical applications.
1958
Development in U.S.S.R. entered the stage that the technology was introduced in the production processes.
BWRA (British Welding Research Association) succeeded to produce a prototype of friction welding machine. AMF Corp. of the U.S. also publicized a prototype in the same year.
1960
A work "Friction joining of metals" by VILL of VNIIESO was introduced as a research data in Japan. This triggered ardent investigations and researches on the friction joining.
A machine tool research group brought back useful information from the USSR.
Designed, manufactured and started marketing specialized manufacturing equipment.
1962
Toyoda Automatic Loom Works, Ltd developed the first brake-type friction welding machine for commercial industrial use in Japan.
1964
The Friction Joining Research Conference was founded. It was renamed later as the Society for the Study of Friction Joining and further to the Friction Joining Association, which continues activities to this day.
1973
Izumi began consignment manufacturing of Toyoda Automatic Loom Works, Ltd friction welding equipment.
Toyoda Automatic Loom Works, Ltd consigned manufacturing of friction welding equipment to Izumi.
New factory built in Obu City. All equipment from Shinkawa and Atsuta factories moved there.
1994
JIS 3607 Standard for the friction joining work of carbon steel was enacted.
1997
Izumi given complete succession of Toyoda Automatic Loom Works, Ltd friction welding equipment.
In cooperation with Toyota Motor Corporation, Izumi developed and started marketing the innovative Center Broach mechanical broaching machine.
1998
Izumi started commercial application of a friction welding machine incorporating NC control that is compatible with the production of propeller shafts and other parts.
The No. 12 building was added to the plant and production of parts for Mitsubishi automobiles started.
2002
Izumi started commercial application of a friction welding machine capable of use on extremely small diameter material (φ1.6) used for drills, sensor shafts and other such applications.

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